Analiza biochimie

Ce inseamna analiza de biochimie completa :

Analiza biochimica a sangelui este o metoda de analiza a nivelurilor glicemiei, a balantei hidro-electrolitice si a functiei renale.
Glicemia reprezinta cantitatea de glucoza din sange – glucoza este un tip de zahar ce asigura energia celulelor organismului.
Electrolitii mentin balanta hidrica a organismului si mentin functiile normale ale organismului, ca de exemplu ritmul cardiac, contractia muschilor si activitatea creierului.
Rinichii regleaza balanta hidrica (regleaza cantitatea de apa din organism), de saruri minerale si filtreaza produsele toxice sau alte substante ce trebuiesc eliminate din organism.
Analiza biochimica a sangelui este indicata in analize de rutina, in urmarirea efectelor unor tratamente (de exemplu diureticele date pentru afectiunile cardiace) sau pentru a diagnostica anumite afectiuni.
Aceasta analiza se face prin recoltarea de sange dintr-o vena a bratului. In unele cazuri este necesar ca inainte cu 10 sau 12 ore sa se intrerupa alimentatia.

Prin analiza biochimica se masoara urmatoarele :

Enzimologie :                                                                    Valoare de referinta caini
                                                                        
  • ALP sau ALKP sau PA (Fosfataza alcalina)                                        20 – 156 mg/dl
  • ALT sau GPT sau ALAT (Alanin aminotransferaza)                         8,2 – 57,3 UI/I
  • AMYL (Amilaza totala)                                                                      269,5 – 1462 UI/I
  • AST sau GOT sau ASAT (Aspartat aminotransferaza)                    8,9 – 48,5 UI/I
  • CPK (Creatinin fosfochinaza)                                                             133,7 – 119,7 UI/I
  • GGT (Gammaglutamil transferaza)                                                         1,2 – 6,4 UI/I
  • LIPA sau LIP (Lipaza)                                                                               8 – 200 UI/I
  • LDH (Lactat de hidrogeneza)                                                             24,1 – 219,2 UI/I
Metabolism glucidic :
  • Glicemie (Glucoza)                                                                                 62 – 109 mg/dl
  • Lactacidemie (Acid lactic)                                                                  max. 20 µmol/l
  • Cetonemie (Corpi cetonici)                                                                176 – 352 µmol/l
Metabolism lipidic :
  • HDL-C (Colesterol HDL)
  • LDL-C (Colesterol LDL)
  • T-CHO (Colesterol total)                                                                115,6 – 253,7 mg/dl
  • TG (Trigliceride)                                                                                        38,1 – 90 UI/I
Metabolism proteic :
  • ALB (Albumina serica)                                                                                2,6 – 4,0 g/dl
  • BUN sau UREA (Uree) blood ureea nitrogen                                    8,8 – 25,9 mg/dl
  • CREAT sau CRE (Creatinina)                                                                0,5 – 1,7 mg/dl
  • N (Amoniac)                                                                                              max. 60 µmol/l
  • BD (Bilirubina directa)
  • BI (Bilirubina indirecta)
  • T-BIL (Bilirubina totala)                                                                        max. 0,6 mg/dl
  • T-PROT sau TP (Proteine totale)                                                            5,5 – 7,5 g/dl
  • UA (Acid uric) – se masoara doar la dalmatieni si de obicei valoarea normala este mica                                                                                                             0,1 – 2,0 mg/dl
Ionograma :
  • Ca (Calciu ionic)                                                                                       4,0 – 6,0 mg/dl
  • T-CA (Calciu total)                                                                                 9,9 – 11,3 mg/dl
  • CL (Clor)                                                                                                 105 – 115 µmol/l
  • K (Potasiu)                                                                                                4,3 – 5,4 µmol/l
  • NA (Sodiu)                                                                                              143 – 154 µmol/l
  • P (Fosfor)                                                                                                   2,6 – 6,2 mg/dl
  • Fe (Fier)
  • MG (Magneziu)
Biochimie urina :
  • BIL (Bilirubinurie)                                                                                                 negativ
  • BLD (Hematurie)                                                                                                   negativ
  • GLUC sau GLU (Glucozurie)                                                                               negativ
  • GS (Greutate specifica)                                                                              1,020 – 1,030
  • KET (Cetonurie)                                                                                                     negativ
  • LEU (Leucociturie)                                                                                   max. 75 leu/µl
  • NIT (Nitriti)                                                                                                            negativ
  • PRO (Proteinurie)                                                                                    max. 30 mg/dl
  • PH                                                                                                                          6,0 – 7,0
  • URO (Urobilinogenurie)                                                                                        negativ
Amilazurie – se masoara doar in anumite cazuri
Electroforeza proteinelor serice
Sideremie



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